Introductory infertility and treatments

  • Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive or carry a pregnancy until after 12 months of unprotected intercourse
  • Globally infertility is related to female factor in 1/3rd of cases male factor in 1/3rd of cases and combined male& female in 1/3rd of cases
  • Causes of infertility in men?
  • Hormonal or sexual disorders 
  • Abnormal production of sperm
  • Genetic conditions
  • Cause of infertility in women?

1. Ovulation disorders

2. Uterine anomalies

3. Damage or pathology of fallopian tubes.

4. Endometriosis

  • How is infertility diagnosed?
  • Medical & sexual history of partners
  • Physical examine
  • Male infertility test:-
  • Semen analysis
  • Hormone testing
  • Ultrasound-TRUS
  • Genetic testing
  • Testicular biopsy
  • Female fertility tests:-
  • Ovulation &ovarian reserve tests
  • Hysterical program
  • Trans vaginal ultrasound
  • Hormonal testing
  • Rarely, hysteroscopy, laparoscopy or genetic testing
  • Can fertility be treated?

2nd most cases infertility can be successfully treated based on the:-

  1. Age
  2. Causes
  3. Duration of infertility
  • Male infertility can be treated by:-
  • Medication to improve sperm count
  • Surgeries or corrective procedures:-
  • Female infertility can be treated by:-
  • Medication to boost fertility
  • Ovulation induction drugs to in ovulation
  • Surgical procedure-tube surgeries, myomectomy  hysteroscopy, laparoscopy
  • ART- Assisted reproductive technologies –it is a group of fertility procedures to help or patient get pregnant.
  • Type of ART:-
  • IUI – intrauterine insemination :- transfer of sperm in to the uterus
  • IVF – in vitro fertilization on egg &sperm doing natural selection in lab.
  • ICSI
  • Verification- freezing of eggs or sperm in lab for later use
  • Fertility tips:-
  • Having regular intercourse
  • Maintaining health habits
  • Maintaining health weight
  • Avoiding ,smoking, alcohol
  • With latest advance in fertility having a baby is now cases

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