Why is the female reproductive age important?

A woman’s reproductive age is between 15 and 49. However, 15 years before menopause or before endocrine changes begin is considered as an ideal age for reproduction.

What are the components of prenatal counseling?

An appointment with your healthcare provider for preconception counseling is used to plan for a future pregnancy. The history of your family, risk factors, medical conditions, and lifestyle are all talked about. 

When should I be given the impression that my ovary may fail before it is time?

With a sudden halt to menstruation, premature ovarian failure may occur. Or, premature ovarian failure can begin slowly, with months of irregular menstruation preceding periods. The majority of women who suffer from premature ovarian failure will experience symptoms similar to those experienced by women who are about to enter menopause. Hot flashes, dryness in the vagina, irritability, night sweats, and difficulty sleeping are all examples of these symptoms.

Getting a baseline transvaginal ultrasound on day 2/3 of menses provides the best measurement of antral follicle count .Along with AMH (ANTI MULLERIAN HORMONE ) which is a blood test as a marker for ovarian reserve.

Are late marriages associated with a risk to sexual health?

Late marriages are frequently observed to be associated with 

  • Affects on egg count and egg quality.
  • Presence of medical or surgical comorbidities.
  • Lack of desire or interest in sex (male and female sexual dysfunctions).

 Is it possible for genetic diseases to pass from parent to child?

Yes, it is possible for affected parents to pass these diseases on to their children. To ensure their child’s future health and safety, parents who are carriers of any diseases or conditions should seek the advice of a doctor and undergo a number of tests before and after the birth.In IVF, PGD(preimplantation genetic diagnosis ) is done on embryos before transfer to screen for the presence of exisiting genetic diseases in family.

What are the possible reasons behind recurrent pregnancy losses?

  • Medical comorbidities
  • Thyroid or other hormonal imbalances
  • Uterine factor-shape or size
  • Tubal factor-hydrosalpinx
  • Low egg count/quality
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Unexplained

when to seek infertility treatment?

After one year of unprotected regular Intercourse ,85% couples conceive.Rest 10% conceive in next one year.

Hence ,if at the end of two years there is no pregnancy,the couple should meet their infertility specialist.

When to seek an early evaluation for infertility?

Couple should follow their infertility specialist within 6 months of-

1.late marriages/maternal age more than 36 years.

2.preexisting factors for infertility.

3.previous 2 or more abortions.